Here is the list of 20 endemic animal species found only in the Northeastern part of India. Northeast India is the hub of plant and animal species. Some of the species so rare that they only found in this part of the world. In this list, we have included from fishes to amphibians to reptiles to mammals.
NorthEast India includes the seven states(Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura) also called seven sisters. As the region is perched with lots of mountains and rivers, makes a superb habitat for animals. A lot of species got loss in the past due to constant poaching. But, later on, government law enforcement and education succeed to decline poaching rates up to a certain level.
(Trachypithecus pileatus brahma)
They are found in the rainforests forests of Assam. These primates mostly feed on green leaves, buds, twigs, flowers, fruits and they are strictly arboreal.
Namdapha Flying Squirrel
These are found in the forests of Arunachal Pradesh. This species of Squirrel is nocturnal, an arboreal flying squirrel.
Tawny Breasted Wren-Babbler
They are endemic to rainy forests of Khasi Hills of Northeast India. Due to habitat loss, this bird is one of the threatened birds in India.
White Napped Yuhina
Yellow-faced Leaf Warbler
Sikkim False Wolf Snake
Found in Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh states of India. Named after a naturalist called Alexander Gammie who planted Chinchona plants in the region. The snake has alternating dark and light irregular rings on the body, the head is dark olive, and there are light spots in the center of most head shields.
Photo by Thomas Brown
Manipur Moustached Caecilian
Garo Hills Bush Frog
Assamese Cascade Frog
Assam Painted Frog
Also known as Assamese balloon frog or Assam narrow-mouth toad. A small sized frog lives in Grasslands and Terai forests of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh.
Khasi Hills Frog
A flat headed frog found in the water borne areas of Meghalaya.
Suffry Flying Frog
This flying frog is found in the Suffry Tea Estate of Assam . Also known as Bordoloi’s Tree Frog.
Nagaland Montane Torrent Toad
This frog is named after Shyamal Kumar Chanda, a prominent Indian amphibian biologist found in the Nagaland state of Northeast India.
Khasi Hills Forest Lizard
Photo by Harikrishnan S
This amazingly looking green lizard is found in the forests of Meghalaya and adjacent borders of the Bangladesh. They have two parallel rows of compressed scales on the head just above tympanum. Also, extra flap of skin on the side of the abdomen is seen. They can grow up to 12cm in length.
Norvill’s Flying Lizard
Photo by Porag Jt Phukan
Abor Hills Agama
Photo by Pooja Rathod
It is a rare species of agamid lizard endemic to Arunachal Pradesh and Assam. Commonly known as Abor Hills Agama or Annandale’s dragon.
The Northeast region of India is rich in greenery. The rainy forests of this part of India can be considered lung of India producing enough oxygen for the growing population. But, due to recent developments in the region more cities, towns are created causing destruction of forests. As many forests are being cleared every day, animals losing their habitats.
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