Trachypithecus pileatus brahma

Here is the list of 20 endemic animal species found only in the Northeastern part of India. Northeast India is the hub of plant and animal species. Some of the endemic species are now enlisted as rare and endangered animals. In this list, we have included birds, insects, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals.

NorthEast India includes the seven states(Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, and Tripura) also called the seven sisters. As the region is perched with lots of mountains and rivers, makes a superb habitat for animals. A lot of species got loss in the past due to constant poaching. But, later on, government law enforcement and education succeed to decline poaching rates up to a certain level.

1. Buff-bellied Langur

(Trachypithecus pileatus brahma)

Buff bellied Langur

They are found in the rainforests forests of Assam. These primates mostly feed on green leaves, buds, twigs, flowers, and fruits and they are strictly arboreal.

2. Namdapha Flying Squirrel

(Biswamoyopterus biswasi)

Namdapha Flying Squirrel

These are found in the forests of Arunachal Pradesh. This species of Squirrel is nocturnal, an arboreal flying squirrel.

3. Tawny Breasted Wren-Babbler

(Spelaeornis longicaudatus)

Tawny Breasted Wren Babbler

They are endemic to the rain forests of the Khasi Hills of Northeast India. Due to habitat loss, this bird is one of the threatened birds in India.

4. White Napped Yuhina

(Yuhina bakeri)

White napped Yuhina

5. Yellow-faced Leaf Warbler

(Phylloscopus cantator)

Yellowfaced Leaf Warbler

6. Bugun Liocichla

(Liocichla bugunorum)

Bugun Liocichla

7. Arunachal macaque

(Macaca munzala)

Arunachal macaque

8. Cherrapunji Keelback

(Amphiesma xenura)

Cherrapunji Keelback

9. Sikkim False Wolf Snake

(Lycodon gammiei)

Sikkim False Wolf Snake

Found in the Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh states of India. Named after a naturalist called Alexander Gammie who planted Chinchona plants in the region. The snake has alternating dark and light irregular rings on the body, the head is dark olive, and there are light spots in the center of most head shields.

10. Bamboo Pitviper

(Trimeresurus gramineus)

Bamboo Pitviper

Photo by Thomas Brown

11. Manipur Moustached Caecilian

(Ichthyophis moustakius)

Ichthyophis moustakius

12. Garo Hills Bush Frog

(Philautus garo)

Garo Hills Bush Frog

13. Assamese Cascade Frog

(Amolops assamensis)

Amolops assamensis

 14. Assam Painted Frog

(Kaloula assamensis)

Assam Painted Frog

Also known as the Assamese balloon frog or Assam narrow-mouth toad. A small-sized frog lives in the Grasslands and Terai forests of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh.

15. Khasi Hills Frog

(Limnonectes khasianus)

Khasi Hills Frog

A flat-headed frog was found in the water-borne areas of Meghalaya.

16. Suffry Flying Frog

(Rhacophorus suffry)

Suffry Flying Frog

This flying frog is found in the Suffry Tea Estate of Assam. Also known as Bordoloi’s Tree Frog.

17. Nagaland Montane Torrent Toad

(Duttaphrynus chandai)

Nagaland Montane Torrent Toad

This frog is named after Shyamal Kumar Chanda, a prominent Indian amphibian biologist found in the Nagaland state of Northeast India.

18. Khasi Hills Forest Lizard

(Calotes maria)

Khasi Hills Forest Lizard

Photo by Harikrishnan S

This amazingly looking green lizard is found in the forests of Meghalaya and adjacent borders of Bangladesh. They have two parallel rows of compressed scales on the head just above the tympanum. Also, an extra flap of skin on the side of the abdomen is seen. They can grow up to 12cm in length.

19. Norvill’s Flying Lizard

(Draco norvillii)

Norvill's Flying Lizard

Photo by Porag Jt Phukan

20. Abor Hills Agama

(Pseudocalotes austeniana)

Abor Hills Agama

Photo by Pooja Rathod

It is a rare species of agamid lizard endemic to Arunachal Pradesh and Assam. Commonly known as Abor Hills Agama or Annandale’s dragon.

Bottom Line

The Northeast region of India is rich in greenery. The rainy forests of this part of India can be considered lung of India producing enough oxygen for the growing population. But, due to recent developments in the region more cities, towns are created causing destruction of forests. As many forests are being cleared every day, animals losing their habitats.

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Ankurman Handique

A wildlife lover loves to spend time with nature.

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